At St. Mary Bourne we build children’s reading ability with daily phonics sessions each morning. These are fun, interactive sessions lasting around 20 minutes, based on the Letters and Sounds phonics outline. We revisit previous sounds taught, teach a new sound, practice with games and activities, and then apply that sound by reading it within words and sentences or writing using the sound. From Reception, we work through from single sounds in Phase 2 (s,a,t,p…), onto diagraphs and trigraphs in Phase 3 and 4 (oa, er, igh), to split sounds in Phase 5 (a_e, o_e). Phase 6 focusses on spelling patterns and suffixes/prefixes. As the children’s phonics knowledge progresses, we match their understanding with phonics reading books.